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World Olive Oil Production and Market

The olive oil tree flourishes in Mediterranean-type climates (between 30-45th latitudes) with hot dry summers and cool winters. The trees are sensitive to the cold during the growing season, but are able to tolerate drought and heat. Olive oil production is still mostly centered in the Mediterranean region, although in recent years we are beginning to see olive oils from regions throughout the world.

Spain with over 320 million olive trees is the number one producer of olive oil at 37% of world production, with 75% of that coming from Andalusia.  The types of olives grown in Spain are the arbequina and verdial varieties of Catalonia, and the hojiblanca, piqual, cornicabra, and lechin varieties of the south. The piqual variety of the south accounts for 40% of all olive trees in Spain.

The second largest producer with 24% of worldwide production is Italy. The types of olives grown in Italia are the coratina in Puglia (Bari) , Ogliarola Barese in Puglia and Basilicata , Carolea in Calabria , Leccino in Toscana and Umbria , Frantoio and Moraiolo in the centre of Italia , Taggiasca in Liguria.
Italians who consume 10 quarts of olive oil per person per year do not produce enough oil for their domestic consumption, yet they are one of the largest exporters of olive oil in the world. Much of their oil is imported, bottled and exported as an Italian product. Spain Greece and Tunisia are their major suppliers.

Greece is the third largest producer with 22% of the world production. And Tunisia the fourth producer with 9% of the world production , the types of olives grown in Tunisia are essantialy represented ( 95%) by two types : Chemlali and Chitoui .

Other countries that produce significant amounts of olive oil are Turkey (7%)  , Syria (7%) and Morocco (2%) .

These seven countries alone account for 90% of world production

Consumption

Olive oil represents 3% of all fats and oils consumed in the world.

The main olive oil producers are also the main consuming countries. European Union accounts for 82% of world consumption. Mediterranean basin countries represent 90% of world consumption. Other consuming countries are United States, Canada, Australia and Japan.

Production Cost and Market Price

Olive oil is a relatively expensive oil compared to other kinds of oil since it needs a special production treatment: olive crop is a long process (olives are produced only after the maturity of the tree; that means after five years). Harvest is still made by hand in most of the regions. Finally, processing needs an advanced technology, particularly in large producing areas(see technology).

Prices paid to producers are quite unstable, mainly due to the change in the quantities produced from one year to another and the level of stocks. However, it is difficult to assess the price formation mechanism. Refined olive oils are generally less expensive than virgin oils.  A possible explanation would be an insufficent amount of lampante oil to meet demand of refining industry given the good quality of produced virgin oil and as a result an increase in lampante oil prices.

 The producer prices paid on three representative markets of the Europeen Country – Bari (Italy), Heraklion/Messinia (Greece) and Jaén (Spain). And also market of Sfax (Tunisia); their movements influence the prices paid in other regions of the European Community and have an impact on pricing in other producing countries, especially of exports.

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Olive oil News
17-07-2014: Spain: Las exportaciones de aceite de oliva se incrementan en un 83% en relación con la campaña anterior (sorry only in spanish)
17-07-2014: Spain: Jaén: UPA estima que la próxima cosecha de aceituna "no llegará a las 300.000 toneladas" en la provincia (sorry only in spanish)
17-07-2014: A Gift of Italian Olive Oil for EU Governors
17-07-2014: More Imports of Greek Olive Oil to Japan
17-07-2014: Spain: En Junio salieron 135.000 toneladas de aceite de oliva virgen (sorry only in spanish)
17-07-2014: Spain: En Junio salieron 135.000 toneladas de aceite de oliva virgen (sorry only in spanish)
17-07-2014: Discrimination and identification of geographical origin virgin olive oil
11-07-2014: Huile d'olive: la justice européenne confirme une amende de 250 M EUR pour la Grèce (sorry only in french)
11-07-2014: Los precios del aceite de oliva siguen subiendo en Italia a pesar de sus elevas cotizaciones (sorry only in spanish)
10-07-2014: Global Olive Oil Production and Consumption on the Rise
10-07-2014: Los aceites de oliva españoles rompen el liderazgo de Italia en Estados Unidos (sorry only in spanish)
10-07-2014: Olive Council Reports Upswing in World Olive Oil Market
10-07-2014: El COI se pronuncia sobre los aceites de oliva con aditivos (sorry only in spanish)
10-07-2014: Morroco: La filière oléicole marocaine gagne du terrain sur le marché (sorry only in french)
07-07-2014: Spain: IV Jornadas de Olivicultura en Baeza (Jaén) (sorry only in spanish)
07-07-2014: El control del agua en las centrífugas verticales mejora la calidad de los AOVE (sorry only in spanish)
04-07-2014: Spain: Alarma con el precio del aceite de oliva en origen (sorry only in spanish)
04-07-2014: Al COI sólo le quedan seis meses de convenio (sorry only in spanish)
 
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